What is an abnormal Pap?
An abnormal pap smear result means some cervical cells have changed. But it doesn’t mean you have cancer. In fact, most women who have an abnormal result do not have cervical cancer. Some other reasons for an abnormal result are inflammation, infections such as bacterial vaginosis,, trichomoniasis, HPV, e.t.c.
What is a Colposcopy?
During a colposcopy, your provider takes a closer look at abnormal areas on your cervix and uses an instrument with a light and magnifier, called a colposcope, to make the abnormal areas easier to see. Your provider will use a small amount of vinegar on your cervix to make any abnormal areas stand out.
If there is an abnormal area on the cervix, a perform a biopsy or removal of a sample of tissue from your cervix, to check for cancer cells. Results of these tests will help your provider decide on the best treatment to recommend.